Medical Board is setup under section 54 of the ESI Act to assess the extent of loss of earning capacity
as a result of disablement caused to the workers at their workplaces due to an employment injury
or occupational disease in order to provide cash compensation in the form of periodical payments
under the ESI Scheme.
Each Medical Board shall normally consist of three Medical Officers and one of thembe nominated
as Chairman. Among them one is a Specialist in the branch of Medicineb from which an IP, to be examined is suffering.
The number of Medical Boards required to be constituted in each State will depend upon the number
of Insured Persons and the areas and the distances between these areas.